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微波干燥及灭菌技术在中药领域应用概况

摘要:与中药传统干燥方法相比,微波技术不仅具有操作简便、快捷、效果佳、药物外观性状保持良好、耗能低等特点,在干燥的同时,还有非常优异的灭菌效果。本文简述了微波干燥、灭菌技术的特点及影响因素,综述其在中药领域的应用概况,并针对安全性问题(微波辐射和微波残留)等提出目前研究存在的问题及展望。

关键词:微波干燥;微波灭菌;中药;微波辐射;综述

DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1005-5304.2017.11.034

中图分类号:R283 文献标识码:A 文章编号:1005-5304(2017)11-0132-05

Application of Microwave Drying and Sterilization Technology in TCM Field WANG Shuang1, NIE Qi-xia2, ZHANG Bao-xian2, ZHANG Li-yan1, ZANG Chen2, WANG Guo-hua2, SHANG Yue3 (1. Guiyang University of Chinese Medicine, Guiyang 550002, China; 2. Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China; 3. Chinese Pharmacopoeia Commission, Beijing 100061, China)

Abstract: Compared with traditional drying methods for Chinese materia medica, microwave drying technology is not only with the features of easy and convenient to operate, rapidity, good effects, well remained appearance of medicine and low energy consumption, but also with the feature of extraordinary sterilization effects at the same time with drying. This article introduced the features and effects of microwave drying and sterilization technology, reviewed its application in the TCM field, and proposed existing problems and prospects in the recent research by targeting security problems (microwave radiation and microwave residue).

Key words: microwave drying; microwave sterilization; Chinese materia medica; microwave radiation; review

虫蛀和霉变是影响中药质量的重要因素,诱发原因为物料的高湿度和环境温度不当,因此,干燥及灭菌是中药加工的重要一环。(剩余9594字)

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